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Understanding Tinnitus and How to Manage It

Millions of people worldwide suffer from the common condition of tinnitus. It can range from a mild nuisance to a chronic, debilitating condition. Tinnitus cannot be cured, but there are therapies and lifestyle adjustments that can help control the condition’s symptoms. In this article, we will explain what tinnitus is, its causes, and the available treatments.

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What Is Tinnitus?

Tinnitus is defined as the perception of sound in one or both ears or in the head when no external sound is present.

Tinnitus can be classified into two categories: subjective tinnitus and objective tinnitus.

Subjective tinnitus is what most people think of when they hear the word “tinnitus” – it’s a sound you hear in your head that only you can hear.

Objective tinnitus, on the other hand, can be heard by others near you as well as by yourself.

It is a complex and often misunderstood condition with a range of symptoms and causes.

While the exact cause of tinnitus is not known, it is generally accepted that changes in the auditory system, blood flow, or inner ear cause it.

For most people, tinnitus is a temporary condition that disappears on its own.

However, for others, it can be a chronic problem that lasts for years or even decades.

Tinnitus can occur in one ear or both ears at the same time and may affect just one frequency or all frequencies equally.

Common Causes of Tinnitus

Tinnitus is the sense of sound when there is no external sound.

While it is commonly referred to as “ringing in the ears,” tinnitus can manifest many different auditory sensations.

For example, some people hear high-pitched sounds while others hear low, rumbling tones.

Others perceive a “buzzing” or “humming” sound that does not resemble the sound of ringing at all.

The volume of tinnitus can vary and it can be either intermittent or constant.


Exposure to loud noises is the most frequent cause of tinnitus.

This can include music played through headphones, tools used for yard work, power tools such as chainsaws and lawnmowers, firearms, fireworks and even loud talking.

For this reason, it is important to wear ear protection when working around these loud sounds if you are susceptible to developing tinnitus from them.

Tinnitus can also be caused by age-related hearing loss, which occurs when hair cells within the inner ear die off over time.

Certain infections of the inner ear including otitis media (OM), which is an infection of the middle ear have also been known to cause tinnitus.

It is important to speak with your doctor to determine the cause of your tinnitus.

How Does Tinnitus Affect People

Tinnitus can interfere with your ability to concentrate, disrupt your sleep, and cause stress and anxiety.

This can lead to problems at work and in relationships.

When tinnitus is severe and persistent, it can also cause depression.

The emotional impact of tinnitus and its associated symptoms can be severe.

It is important to seek help from a qualified professional who can provide support and treatment options.

The more severe your tinnitus, the more likely it is to cause problems in your life.

Some people find it difficult to hear conversations or even the television due to the noise in their head.

Others may experience bouts of tinnitus that come and go.

Treatment Options

Tinnitus is a condition in which a person hears a sound that doesn’t exist in the environment.

The sound can vary from a low hum to a high-pitched whistle, and it can be intermittent or constant.

Tinnitus isn’t just an annoyance — it can cause serious problems in your daily life.

If you’re constantly distracted by sounds that aren’t there, this can interfere with work and social activities.

You may find yourself avoiding certain situations or people because of tinnitus. And some sufferers become depressed over their condition.


Tinnitus can be treated with a variety of medications, lifestyle changes, and sound therapy.

Medications can help reduce the symptoms of tinnitus, while lifestyle changes such as avoiding loud noises, limiting alcohol and caffeine, and managing stress can help reduce the intensity of the condition.

Sound therapy, or sound masking, can also help reduce the perception of tinnitus.

It is important to note that no one treatment works for everyone.

If you are experiencing tinnitus, talk to your doctor about the best course of treatment.

Living With Tinnitus

Tinnitus can be challenging to live with, but there are ways to manage it.

It is important to take care of yourself and manage your stress, as stress can worsen the symptoms of tinnitus.

Additionally, talk to your doctor or a mental health professional if you feel overwhelmed or depressed.

Tinnitus is not something you will ever forget about or get used to.

You may still have ringing in your ears in 20 years or when you’re 90 years old.

But many things can help you cope with it better.

You may find it helpful to learn more about tinnitus by reading books or articles on the subject online (just Google “tinnitus”).

Learning more about the condition can help you cope with it better and can also provide reassurance that you are not alone in dealing with this problem.

If you have friends or family members who have tinnitus too, talk to them about what helps them cope with their condition and what doesn’t work for them.

If possible, arrange a meeting so that you can share ideas and advice.

Finally, make sure you get enough rest, exercise regularly, and eat a healthy diet.

When To See a Doctor

Tinnitus is a symptom, not a disease. It means that you have some level of hearing loss and that your brain is “hearing” sounds that aren’t actually there.

The most common type of tinnitus is subjective tinnitus (ST).

This type of tinnitus is often caused by hearing loss, but it can also be caused by increased blood flow at the base of the cochlea (the organ in the inner ear that contains hair cells), earwax build-up or age-related changes in the inner ear.

ST occurs when there are no obvious outside causes for the sound and no other medical issues such as hearing loss, head injury or circulatory problems.

ST can vary in intensity from mild to severe and may last for a few minutes or several months.

It tends to occur in one ear only and may affect one side of the neck or head more than another.

The noise may be constant or intermittent but usually isn’t present all day long unlike other types of tinnitus like objective tinnitus (OT) or pulsatile tinnitus (PT).

Your doctor can help determine the cause and provide treatment options.

Additionally, if the symptoms are severe or interfering with your daily life, it is important to seek medical attention.

Taking care of yourself is the first step in managing your tinnitus.

There are many things you can do to help manage tinnitus.

One of the most important things is to take care of yourself.

This includes eating well, working out frequently, and getting enough rest.

It’s also important to reduce stress and avoid things that make it worse, such as loud noises or drinking alcohol.

Tinnitus can be frustrating and even scary at times, but there are things you can do to help manage it:

Try not to worry about your tinnitus. It’s rare for people with tinnitus to develop serious health problems such as high blood pressure or heart disease because of their condition.

But if you feel anxious about your tinnitus or worried about its impact on your life, talk with a doctor or therapist about how you might manage these feelings better.

Get help from others when you need it. That could be from friends, family members or co-workers who understand what you’re going through or have had similar experiences themselves.

Use sound therapy (also known as white noise). Sound therapy involves using background noise to mask the sounds created by your tinnitus — such as crickets chirping or waves crashing — so that they’re less noticeable or distracting for those around you.

Talk to your doctor. If you’re experiencing bothersome tinnitus symptoms, talk to your doctor right away.

They may refer you to a specialist who can help identify the source of your tinnitus and develop an appropriate treatment plan for your case.

In some cases, treating the underlying cause of your tinnitus may stop it from bothering you at all.


Tinnitus is often described as a ringing sound in the ears or head. The cause can vary but usually results from changes in your hearing, blood flow, or inner ear.

Millions of individuals all around the world suffer with tinnitus, which is a common condition.

While it is not curable, there are treatments and lifestyle changes that can help manage symptoms.

If you are experiencing symptoms of tinnitus, it is important to speak to your doctor.