Shrub Roses Are a Very Diverse Group Learn More Here
Over the years, newly developed roses that did not really fit into other categories were termed ‘shrub roses’. Several help make excellent ground covers although some are very effective to create hedges or even screening within the landscape.
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What Are Shrub Roses?
Theoretically, any rose bred after 1867 is eligible as modern, but look out for more recent cultivars, often created within a series where members impart characteristics for example hardiness, growth habit, in addition to disease resistance.
Planting very easy to grow disease-resistant modern shrub plants enhances possibilities for magnificent as well as continuous blooms along with simplicity of maintenance.
Starting a Rose Garden – Caring for Rose Bushes
Roses are some of the most popular and beautiful flowering shrubs grown, but starting a rose garden may seem daunting to new gardeners. However, growing roses for beginners doesn’t have to be a stressful endeavor.
When growing roses, it’s important to choose a site receiving at least six hours of sun each day. Rose bushes must also be located in well-drained, fertile soil. Plant dormant roses in early spring (or fall). Potted plants can be planted any time between spring and fall, but preferably spring.
All roses are in fact shrubs but today’s shrub roses are usually considered very tolerant to cold, disease, and easy to care for.
There is, of course, some maintenance that must be done to keep them healthy, but this isn’t really anything more than any other shrub would require.
The days of endless fertilizing, watering, protecting from freezing weather, pruning, and trimming are gone with development of the shrub rose, but none of the beauty and enjoyment is lost.
Shrub roses come in many shapes, sizes, and colors.
Some grow tall and are perfect for use as bordering hedges to give a garden seclusion and privacy.
Others are short but spread out, covering a large area of empty space with lush foliage and blooms.
What Colors Are Available with Shrub Roses?
Almost every color is represented, and new species are being developed and released to the market every year.
There are several specific series of true shrub roses that have been developed to give bountiful flowers, high disease and insect resistance, and low maintenance.
Two of these series are the Explorer series and the Parkland series.
The Explorer series was developed in Canada to have high tolerance to severe drops in temperature over the winter and are all named for famous explorers.
Some varieties in the Explorer series are the Champlain, which is covered with lovely red blooms over the spring and summer, the Henry Hudson, whose flowers are a delicate light pink to white color, and the J.P. Connell, which has yellow blossoms, the first in the series to have this shade of flower.
Classified as being a hybrid musk, ‘Ballerina’ is rated by many people to be exactly the variety of rose an increasing number of gardeners are searching for today a plant having an striking shrubby shape in addition to copious amounts of bloom.
Whilst you might think shrub roses are generally hardy, these tend to be hybridized from the mixture of hybrid roses with wild roses.
All of these shrub roses can handle temperatures that are well below zero in the winter and will still spring back the next year.
What Are Parkland Roses?
The Parkland Series, also developed in Canada, all have superior cold tolerance as well.
Some Parkland varieties include the Morden Fireglow, Ruby, and Centennial, which all repeatedly bloom through the season and come in varying shades of red.
Rose Care: A Beginner's Guide to Growing Roses
Rose care is easier than you think—anyone can grow them successfully. Plant your roses in a sunny location with good drainage. Fertilize them regularly for impressive flowers. Water them evenly to keep the soil moist.
If you’ve been afraid to start a rose garden, the truth is, roses are no more difficult to care for than other flowering shrubs. “Modern rose bushes are both beautiful and tough in a wide range of growing conditions, so they are easier to grow than ever before,” says Christian Bedard, research director for Weeks Roses
There is, of course, a bit of maintenance required to assure high-blooming and healthy shrub roses year after year.
When first planting, the roots of the rose shouldn’t be buried too deep in the ground but, rather, should only be buried deep enough that the roots are completely covered and the start of the plant is level with the ground.
They should be watered well and covered with mulch to help control weeds.
Once the rose is well established, watering with a bit of high-phosphorus plant food will assure that the blooms are hearty and plentiful.
Pruning encourages development and flowering, and takes out dead, weak and/or unhealthy canes that may drain strength from your rose and sometimes promote disease.
When Should You Prune?
Do the majority of your pruning during the early spring, right before new growth has started, but clear away spent flowers plus dead canes every time they occur.
They should be pruned at least once a year and more often if there seems to be excessive growth in one area that seems to be towering over the rest of the plant or not able to flower.
This can be trimmed down or cut away completely.
Unless the species is well known to produce rose hips in the autumn, the flowers should be trimmed away once they have started to fade, and this will allow the plant to produce new growth and even more flowers.
In the winter, once all the foliage has died off, the bush should be pruned extensively to allow for new growth in the spring, and all damaged, dead, or diseased portions should be entirely cut away.
Nothing needs to be done to prevent pests and diseases in shrub roses.
This should only be undertaken if the rose has been infected or infested, and the bushes can be sprayed with the correct organic treatment to help clear this out and return the rose to its earlier, healthier state.
For the gardener that wants the beauty of traditional roses with the ease of a flowering bush, shrub roses are the perfect answer.
Purchase plants from your local nursery and certainly plant from spring into summer on well-drained soil revived using compost. Consider using them to anchor perennial borders, as specimen plants and also to make informal hedges.
Color, texture, along with outward appearance are important too during the choice of companion plants.
With just a little bit of work, ‘shrub roses’ will thrive and provide beautiful, fragrant blossoms all summer.