Common causes of hearing loss and what you should do to avoid them.
Hearing impairment or hearing loss involves a total or partial inability to hear sounds. Symptoms can range from mild, moderate, severe, to profound. A patient with mild hearing impairment may have problems hearing because there is too much noise. In contrast, those with moderate hearing loss may need hearing aids.
Table of Content
Is hearing loss common?
There are people that are hard of hearing and use lip-reading techniques to communicate. People who are profoundly deaf may find it impossible to hear anything and become reliant on lip-reading or sign language.
In this way, one should distinguish between different types of hearing disorders. There will be a reduction in hearing like other people.
People who are deaf cannot understand speech even when sound is amplified.
Profound deafness describes a complete lack of hearing. A person afflicted with profound deafness cannot perceive sound.
This could happen over time or suddenly.
The level of what is heard will determine the severity of hearing disability. Some define profoundly deaf as the end of the hearing spectrum. In contrast, others say that a diagnosis of profound deafness is the end of the hearing spectrum.
Sound waves that enter the ear move down the ear or auditory canal, and strike the inner ear, causing the eardrum to vibrate. The vibrations pass to the bones in the middle ear.
These hairs act as sound receptors called hair cells, which amplify the message sent to the brain. These signals are sent by the muscle motion to the brain.
The brain sends out nerve signals received by the ear, which interprets these signals as audio.
Can you go deaf overnight?
Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSHL) is also known as sudden deafness. It occurs when you lose your hearing very quickly, typically only in one ear. It can happen instantly or over a span of several days. During this time, sound gradually becomes muffled or faint.
There are three primary hearing loss types, conductive, sensorineural, and mixed.
Conductive hearing means that the sounds are going from the outer ear to the inner ear.
This is the leading reason for conductive hearing loss.
It’s possible that the ossicles becomes impaired because of infection, trauma, or fusing together in a condition called “ankylosis.”
Sensorineural hearing loss is caused by an inner ear or auditory nerve dysfunction. This hearing loss is due to damaged sensory hair cells in the cochlea.
Loud noise is the most common cause of hearing problems.
When humans grow older, some of the hair cells cease to function, causing hearing to deteriorate. Commonly, long-term exposure to loud noises can lead to hair cell damage.
Dead hair cells cannot be restored. Although stem cells are being researched to grow new hair cells. Sensorineural hearing loss may occur because of birth defects, ear infections, and head trauma.
Long-term ear infections can damage both eardrum and the bones of the middle ear. Sometimes surgical intervention will help, but not always.
Deafness or hearing loss?
Speech impairment can affect an individual’s ability to speak due to deafness. Prelingual deafness is an inability to hear before learning how to understand what is being said.
An individual is born deaf or becomes deaf shortly after being born. Most people with deafness have parents or family members hearing.
Damage with inner ear or auditory nerve can have long-term consequences.
Many come from families who do not know sign language. Children with learning difficulties generally have slower language development. The process of language acquisition works quickly for those born in signing families.
If children born deaf before the age of 4 years are implanted with cochlear implants, they can effectively acquire language. Language is critical in social interaction.
This is why those with hearing loss, especially those with severe symptoms, might experience several delays in development.
People with prelingual deafness should attend a school to socialise with kids with the same condition.
A child who identifies with the deaf culture will feel less lonely and isolated. Some young people may experience loneliness if their parents are still not fluent.
The fluid in the ear can occur without an ear infection or in the presence of an ear infection.
Deafness can create a social barrier among those who understand sign language.
People with hearing loss often experience post-lingual deafness. They acquired language before hearing loss. A medication side effect or injury to their ear might have led to the loss of your hearing.
Most people with post-lingual deafness experience hearing loss gradually. Many people noticed that he was disabled before they realised his disability.
Problems faced by hearing-impaired persons.
Because of this, they may have had to use hearing aids or learn how to lip-read. The hearing loss impacts individuals differently depending on when it occurs and how long it takes to develop.
They might need to get accustomed to new equipment, undergo a medical procedure, learn sign language and lip-reading, and use different communication devices. Having a feeling of depression is sometimes caused by the feeling of being alone.
Cigarette smoking causes damage.
Everyone who has experienced deafness also endures hearing loss. It can pose significant challenges to family members, friends, and loved ones; everyone must adapt.
Stress can manifest itself in relationships because of conversational misunderstanding. Suppose a person with hearing loss is under the care of professionals. In that case, his family may assume that he is becoming alienated.
Can stress cause hearing loss?
Stress can Cause Hearing Loss
When your body responds to stress, the overproduction of adrenaline reduces blood flow to the ears, affecting hearing. The fragile hair cells in the inner ear rely on a constant flow of blood to receive the right amount of oxygen and other nutrients.
Single-sided deafness is an impairment in only one ear, while bilateral deafness is impairment in both.
This may interfere with social relationships if one has unilateral hearing loss. It’s tough to find the source of the sound if it doesn’t exist in both ears.
It might be challenging to listen to what others are saying. With little to no background noise, a person suffering from unilateral deafness has virtually the same hearing as someone with functional hearing in both ears.
The outer ear collects the sounds, and it transmits the sounds to the middle ear.
Babies born with unilateral hearing loss have speech delays. They may have difficulty concentrating when they go to school. Social activities may be more challenging for individuals without hearing problems.
The symptom is different based on the cause of the hearing problem. Some have been born without hearing, while others are deaf due to an illness or an accident. For many individuals, hearing loss is a slow and progressive thing.
Things to watch out for.
Hearing loss can sometimes be a symptom of a problem.
The baby may be suffering from the following issues.
- Before 4 months, babies will not turn their heads to where a noise is coming from.
- At 12 months, babies do not speak a single word.
- The child does not appear to be frightened by a loud sound.
- An infant can only be soothed by you when they can see you.
Certain signs are more apparent for children than for adults.
- The child is behind the others in oral communicative skills.
- The child keeps asking “What?” “Sorry?”
- A child talks loudly and produces very high-pitched noise.
- Children’s speech is muddled.
Due to hearing impairment, there are four levels of difficulty.
People with mild hearing impairment can only hear between 25-29 decibels (dB). These may find it challenging to understand what other people are saying, especially if there is a lot of noise.
Moderate loss can only hear sounds that are 40-69 decibels. It will be hard to understand what is being said without a hearing aid.
Severe hearing loss, the person can hear a whisper. A deaf person will use sign language to communicate. Profound deafness is a significant hearing deficiency. Some people are deaf and cannot hear, at any sound level.