Everything you must know about how to have a vegetable garden.
For new veggie gardeners, eager to learn how to get started on their vegetable garden quick, remember, choose the way to stay within budget, needs minimal skills, and gets you growing soon.
Table of Content
Getting started with your vegetable garden.
Many when starting can make the mistake of overplanting. Vegetables like tomatoes, peppers, and squash will provide throughout the season, so it’s possible you may not need to plant many for your needs.
Try to get something new planted in the garden every week of the growing season, from the first cold-hardy greens in late winter or early spring. Even those heat-loving plants like tomatoes, peppers and eggplant as the weather becomes more settled and warm.
Shaded parts of your garden could be used for small cool-season veggies.
You could save some time by starting with young plants and getting them in your garden early in the season once the danger of frost for your area has passed. You could even interplant crops which grow quickly, such as radishes, along with other vegetables requiring a long season, carrots or parsnips, sowing their seeds together.
Vegetables that usually yield more than one crop each season include beets, beans, cabbage, carrots, kohlrabi, lettuce, radishes, spinach, and turnips.
Now, should you plant your garden at the rear of your yard, be sure that you’re willing to trek out each day checking for plants that need water, unwanted bugs, and the produce ready to pick. But suppose you can position your vegetable garden closer to your house. In that case, this will make it easier harvesting fresh produce or pick some herbs whenever cooking in your kitchen or outside on the grill.
- Keep the weeds out.
- Fertilise as required.
- Choose the best location.
- Give the plants growing room.
A lot of people dream of creating a vast vegetable garden. This big site will grow enough of everything they want, including those space-hungry crops, like beans, corn, pumpkins, squash, melons, and cucumbers.
Those with small gardens should look to grow many crops on vertical supports, and those gardeners with a lot of space will still need to support some of their vegetables.
Choosing the right location.
Pick a spot to place your garden that allows plenty of sun, access to water, and shelter from unforgiving weather. Don’t fear starting a vegetable garden in an extraordinary location.
If it isn’t a sunny site, be prepared to walk a little further to your vegetable garden spot. If you live where summers are hot, it’s ok for you to do your vegetable gardening in a place that gets a little afternoon shade.
Most vegetables will need 6hrs of sun each day.
Guided by your setting and growing circumstances, you can grow and harvest produce from spring to fall. But, the majority of vegetables, no matter if they’re grown in a short or long season locale, prefer full sun.
For the lucky few, your sunniest spot would be close to your kitchen door and a water source also. Yet when full sun isn’t an option, you may think about growing your vegetables in containers and moving them about to track the sun.
Whilst morning sun is deemed best for tender greens, you can make use of other sun-loving plants to shelter those leafy vegetables.
- Only plant what you can manage.
- Growing in a small space is possible.
- Choose a spot with plenty of sunlight.
- Lack of sun and drainage are garden killers.
If you find a place with good sunlight and is free of erosion, but your soil is not that good for vegetable plants, it’s possible to improve it. In-ground gardens work at their best when the soil is right for a garden, are less costly to get started, and are effortlessly relocated if needed.
Make sure that the garden position isn’t in direct line of any runoff of possible toxins or environmental hazards. It’s also great if you can choose a location free of slopes and erosion.
Consider the plants’ needs soil, sun, and water.
Before you plant, keep a watch on various areas of your yard through the day to decide which site gets the most sun. If the chosen spot is getting more shade than sun, you may need to relocate it to another part of the yard.
Some vegetable plants aren’t quite as in need of sunlight, but try to be sure that they’ll get as much sun as possible. Without enough sun, those crops could be costly in terms of what you get back, and they’ll basically be time-consuming, annoying failures.
Getting the soil ready for your new garden.
Large amounts of organic material can be added into the soil by using “green manure” crops, these are grown specially to be integrated back into the soil.
You’ll find that the most popular green manure crops tend to be winter wheat, barley, oats, and rye, although styles do change. Around a month before planting your garden, the green manure crop needs to be thoroughly rotovated into the soil.
Manure and compost also contain a good variety of nutrients. However, only apply fresh manure during the fall, so it has the time to break down in the soil.
Soil needs to be moist not muddy.
Test the soil to see what nutrients, fertiliser, sulphur or any other products will be needed to improve it correctly for vegetables. Extra nitrogen fertiliser helps the microorganisms in the soil quickly break down organic matter.
A lot of vegetables may need an initial dose of fertiliser at planting time, and then again once they have matured. Sunshine goes hand in hand with increasing naturally occurring soil nutrients and also those that are added through fertilisers.
Although amended soils will supply the majority of nutrients required for your plants to grow and produce. Applying organic fertiliser correctly will give your vegetables an extra boost.
- Use natural fertiliser every month.
- Always follow instructions on fertilisers.
- Compost helps improve texture and fertility.
- Compost and natural fertilisers condition the soil.
Probably the best way to make sure of great soil for your garden is by having a compost pile. The majority of nutrients required for profitable plant growth will be supplied through natural soil fertility, compost, or manure.
Including compost instead of a chemical, fertiliser can be done since compost acts as a fertiliser. It can be a good idea to have the soil tested regularly, and make use of the test results to decide what is needed to correct deficiencies.
They need sunlight, water, air, good soil, and care.
Several gardeners find the simplest and easiest way to add organic matter to their soil is by adding compost. Improve the soil texture of any new garden beds by working a couple of inches of compost, rotted leaves, or other organic matter into the top 10-12ins of the existing soil.
Well-decomposed compost contains Humic acid, and when that’s added to alkaline soils, it helps to make the nutrients more available for your plants to uptake. Compost is often regularly made from leaves, grass clippings, food wastes, and garden vegetable waste from the previous growing seasons.
Planting the vegetable garden.
Most beginner gardeners believe that planting a vegetable garden is done in a day. Even straight after the threat of frost has gone in spring, and earlier in warm winter zones. Plan your planting to get the most from the space with minimal labour.
Yes, planting seeds straight into the soil where they’ll grow is probably the easiest and most straightforward method of getting vegetables in a garden. Even so, transplants are often utilised in colder areas where the growing season is shorter, so the vegetables have more time to mature before the first frost.
Small vegetables may be planted closer together.
It is essential to think about the vegetables you will be planting when selecting the right space for the garden. No matter if your transplanting seedlings or perhaps direct seeding into the garden, it’s good to give your plants afternoon shade while they get established.
Lots of people think you can jump right in and buy seeds, there is still preparation required for getting a garden bed ready.
Planting instructions on seed packets give you the sunlight requirements, moisture needs and when to plant, spaces needed between plants and a lot of other helpful information.
- Seed trays let you start seeds indoors.
- Beds may need more labour to plant initially.
- Check plants daily and never miss perfect timing.
- Get seedlings for plants such as tomatoes and peppers.
Harvest your vegetable at peak ripeness. It’s easy to overlook a plant one day simply to find those tomatoes you’d been waiting for had suddenly turned overripe.
Those gardeners who would like to start their plants from seeds will notice a more extensive variety not found in transplants. Never forget those daily garden visits to make sure your vegetables are picked at the peak of perfection. And never allowed to become overripe or rot on the plant, this can attract insects or other pests.
Vegetables benefit from a regular watering schedule.
Water is a magical factor in vegetable gardening. Water frequently so the soil is moist, and not so it becomes soggy.
Soil heavy with clay will need watering less frequently than the soil that’s much lighter with lots of air pockets, like a sandy soil or container garden soil. Too little water and, likely, you’ll not get vegetables.