How does your organic garden grow? Get down and dirty and consider your space.
Introductions to organic gardening typically start with lengthy talks of compost piles, soil composition, organic weed control, seed beginning, and pest management. However, picking the proper plant for the right site is also an essential component of organic gardening. Finishing your first gardening season is cause for celebration since it means you’ve learned something new and can maintain your own food source.
Table of Content
How to do organic gardening.
Most seasoned gardeners have spent years cultivating rich, healthy soil that resembles and feels like a handful of your grandmother’s fresh crumbled cake.
Healthy soil means healthier plants, which are more resistant to pests and disease, decreasing the need for hazardous insecticides.
Healthy soil is a healthy garden.
Organic matter, including manure, compost, or peat moss, is the most significant component in soil because it contains decomposed microbes from prior plant life.
Composts, fresh manures, and green manures can all be applied alone or in combination to boost soil organic matter and fertility.
Most organic gardeners regard soil as a living system and consider artificial chemical fertilisers damaging to the soil and the environment.
Balance of prey and predator insects
Then there are organic gardeners who use no pesticides at all, not even the mild insecticide soaps or oils. Those gardeners make every attempt to build up their soil fertility mostly by adding compost and planting crops for tilling under. By doing that, soil organisms are brought into balance resulting in plants that are stronger and more able to resist pests.
There was plenty of evidence that her strategy was working. Very few insect pests were around and her plants were thriving. Beneficial insects had found her garden and were moving in to make it their home.
Garden soil in organic gardening serves as a growing medium and as a vibrant, biodiverse ecosystem of life that nourishes the plants in the garden.
You can avoid difficulties by paying attention to what you plant and where you grow it, as well as rotating the crop you grow in each bed or patch of land each year.
Crop rotation, for example, can help keep pathogens from accumulating in the soil and defend against nutritional imbalances in vegetable gardens.
Never use diseased plants in your compost.
Various plants need different soil conditions. The best method to cultivate them with the least amount of effort is to plant those likely to thrive in your garden.
Organic gardeners produce a well-balanced mini ecosystem by planting a variety of plants and attracting beneficial insects, birds, and other species.
Use compost and manure.
Adding organic matter to the soil by mixing compost into it improves its ability to retain water and nutrients. And promotes beneficial microorganisms, all of which are necessary for good plant growth.
Composting eliminates most of the difficulties associated with raw manure and enhances the quality of organic matter supplied to the garden.
Before planting anything, do yourself a favour and work compost and other organic materials into your garden bed.
Nutrify your plants.
The soil gives our plants the nutrients they require to develop healthy and strong, and our plants, in turn, supply us with the nutrients we need.
Plants obtain their nutrition from the ground, so it is critical to properly prepare the soil before beginning any gardening project.
Growing vegetable plants yearly puts a lot of strain on your soil because they pull many nutrients from your garden every season.
Rotating planting areas keeps your soil from becoming depleted of the same nutrients season after season. It also aids in disease prevention and breaking the cycle of bug infestation.
Compost aids in retaining moisture in the soil and provides nutrients to plants and worms, and bacteria that aid in soil improvement.
Plants will not generate as much yield if they are not adequately fertilised. Therefore restore the nutrients in the soil that the plants have used up approximately a month after planting.
Remember to keep disease and weeds away.
Consider mulching with readily accessible organic material, such as falling leaves from your trees or grass from your lawn, to help avoid the establishment of weeds.
Weeds are present in every garden; the main thing is to keep them under control so that they do not deplete the nutrients available to your plants.
A dense mulch can inhibit weeds, conserve moisture. And feed the soil by imitating the natural processes of woodland areas, where leaves fall and blanket the woodland floor every autumn.
How do I do organic gardening?
Organic gardening refers to the utilisation of flowers, herbs, or vegetables that have not been treated with synthetic fertilisers, chemicals, or herbicides. An organic garden employs only natural pest control methods and organic soil fertilisation.
The sooner in the season you use natural weed-killing methods, the easier it will be in the heat of summer with fewer weeds cluttering your garden and lawn.
And when we put in the work to keep the weeds at bay, dig in the compost, and plant things. We are rewarded with excellent, organic food that tastes great and is incredibly healthy for us.
Rather than tilling and re-tilling your garden beds throughout the season, a layer of natural mulch can suppress weeds and maintain soil moisture.
Give your plants air and water wisely.
In organic gardening, your plants are considered a part of a broader natural system that includes the soil, water supply, wildlife, insects, and people.
Too much water is, in fact, just as terrible as not enough, so always inspect the soil before watering. It can sometimes store too much water, preventing the plants from getting enough air.
You need a watering schedule.
Because no one loves to water frequently, organic gardening also necessitates the use of mulch to cover your soil and retain moisture for a more extended period.
Established plants require water at least once a week, either by irrigation or rainfall. You should apply adequate water to the root area when watering the garden.
You might think about investing in soaker hoses or drip lines. They’re better if you have numerous raised beds or a bigger in-ground plot to feed water straight to the roots and reduce pooling and run-off.
— Tonya Rivers (@tvrivers) July 16, 2021
Water your compost like you would your garden, especially if it is kept in a bin or enclosed container where rainwater cannot reach it.
Water evaporates faster in sandy soil than in clay soil, which is why it is critical to integrate compost into your planting bed.
The installation of a drip system or an automatic water timer is an excellent approach to keep plants hydrated and developing while requiring little work.
Let the water flow but not too much.
Suppose you water your garden in the evening. In that case, the plants will remain damp overnight, increasing their susceptibility to bacterial and fungal infections.
Watering your organic plants should be a breeze if your soil has been appropriately prepared. We all know that plants require appropriate light and water, so decide how to provide both to your plants in the planning stage.
It’s also about growing your gardening knowledge.
Organic gardening is simply the cultivation of plants without the use of synthetic pesticides and fertilisers. Growing strong, healthy plants is the first step toward this goal.
Even if you have the perfect patch of soil, raised bed, or container, you must still select the plants or crops best suited to your region and climate.
You can control pests organically.
Instead of using pesticides in organic gardens because they use holistic approaches for maximum growth, consider companion plants to help deter known pests or boost flavour or health.
Organic gardeners achieve natural bug control by employing companion planting and encouraging beneficial insects. Such as ladybugs to clear the garden of pests that kill crops, such as aphids.
Pests eventually cease to be pests because they never reach pest proportions; instead, they become food for various other species higher up the food chain.
- A soil test can be carried out to identify the fertility level of the soil more appropriately.
- Choose a location with good drainage by avoiding soils where water collects for lengthy periods.
- Organic gardeners use no synthetic chemicals to create healthy, high-quality vegetables and flowers.
- Growing organic produce allows you to generate your own crop of healthy, nutritious veggies and fruits.
- The soil is the foundation of a healthy garden and caring for it properly can prevent various problems.
- The best part is that you may be an organic gardener with just a few square feet of sunny space in your garden.
Cover crops and also crop rotation are two of the most beneficial ways a gardener can keep their garden healthy and productive. Whether they garden organically or not.
The best shield against pests in your garden is to maintain your plants healthy, but most gardeners will have to deal with insects or illness at some point.
Homegrown fruits and vegetables are usually more nutrient-dense than conventional food. These can improve adults’ and children’s eating habits and help avoid diabetes, obesity, and other ailments.
Grow a healthier and easier garden.
More studies and global warnings demonstrate that the environment significantly impacts our health, making us less resistant to infections and weakening our organs and immune system.
Gardening with the environment in mind will help you grow healthy food while promoting a vibrant ecology in your backyard.