How Global Warming Affects the Environment
What exactly is global warming? In a nutshell, it’s an increase in Planet Earth’s average surface temperature because of Greenhouse Gases trapping heat. This can cause problems for wildlife and the environment. While many worldwide efforts are helping combat the effects of global warming, the scientific consensus is that Planet Earth is getting hotter every year and will continue to do so.
Global Warming and The Environment
Global warming is the increase in Planet Earth’s average surface temperature because of rising levels of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.
Since the start of industrialisation, the average global temperature has risen by about 0.8°C (1.4°F), with about two-thirds of this warming occurring since 1980.
Global warming is projected to continue throughout the 21st century, with a likely rise in sea level as glaciers melt and thermal expansion occurs, increasing flood risk and threatening freshwater supplies.
The most significant effects of climate change are melting ice sheets and glaciers. Rising sea levels with more frequent extreme weather events such as droughts, floods and heat waves, and more frequent wildfires.
Global warming will affect our water resources through changes in rainfall patterns leading to flooding, which can cause soil erosion, landslides, and riverbank collapse.
There will be a reduction in water availability for agriculture and other uses. All these changes impact plants, animals, and humans alike.
Animal Species Are at Risk of Extinction
We hear a lot about global warming. But there is another more universal and much more dramatic phenomenon that occurs daily affecting every species on Planet Earth.
It is rarely mentioned and often overlooked, in part because it happens so slowly that it’s hard to see on a day-to-day basis. Called species extinction, it’s happening right now.
It’s estimated that we are losing somewhere between one and three species per hour. With many more going extinct before they are ever even discovered.
That might not sound like much but consider this: If you put all 7 billion human beings on one side of the planet and all the known species of animals, plants, and insects on the other side, we would be losing an entire person every five seconds!
The most common explanation for why we’re seeing an explosion in extinctions is climate change. Planet Earth has warmed by around 1°C since 1900.
That’s enough to have major effects on our ecosystems, which has led to changes in ocean currents, melting ice caps and shifting habitats for polar bears or penguins.
This can be especially bad for organisms that are already under stress because of habitat loss or pollution.
The rate at which species are going extinct has been increasing significantly over the past few centuries due to human activities like deforestation and pollution.
But it’s only recently that we’ve begun to understand just what this means for our future — both environmentally and economically.
Animals Are Struggling in Extreme Weather
Although many animals like to travel around to find food and a mate, they do not expect to be in any danger. However, wild animals have found themselves in trouble due to the weather.
Animals live in different areas of the world and depend on the temperature, rainfall and other conditions of where they live. They do not expect these things to change that often or unexpectedly.
The current weather conditions around the world have affected many animals including birds and mammals. This has caused them to migrate in search of new habitats or even die if they cannot adapt fast enough.
Some species are more vulnerable than others during certain seasons due to their size and other factors such as speed.
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For example, small birds such as hummingbirds may not be able to fly for long distances without landing for rest because of their weight and wingspan.
Other species like polar bears may be too slow if they are trying to escape from predators while migrating through dangerous areas such as roads and rivers.
However, most species will try to adapt by moving towards warmer climates or staying closer together so that they can protect themselves from predators.
The effects of climate change on the environment mean that many animals may not be able to survive without help from humans.
Reasons To Keep Cool When the Weather Gets Warm
Heat stress is the condition when a body is unable to cool itself because of external sources such as hot weather conditions. The term used to refer to that state is hyperthermia, the opposite of hypothermia, which can result in death.
Heat stress can be described as the inability of the human body to regulate its temperature when heat exposure exceeds the capacity of heat regulation.
Heat stress occurs when your body becomes unable to regulate its internal temperature. In hot weather, sweating helps keep you cool by evaporating moisture from your skin’s surface.
This evaporation draws heat away from your body, cooling it in the process. But if you sweat too much or for too long, you risk dehydration and exhaustion.
That’s why it’s important to drink plenty of water even if you don’t feel thirsty.
Temperature affects how fast your heart beats and how much blood flows through your arteries and veins. Both of which affect blood pressure.
When it’s very hot outside, blood vessels near the skin widen (dilate) to carry more blood closer to the surface so that it can cool down before returning to the heart and lungs.
Heat stress can affect people of all ages and genders. But it plays a major role in affecting older adults who have reduced mobility and are at higher risk for developing heat-related illnesses.
Elderly people are more vulnerable than others because their bodies cannot cool down quickly enough as they age.
Pollinators Need Cooling as Much as We Do
It’s been a warm summer, and with global warming the worst it has ever been, this trend is not going to change anytime soon. This means that pollinators will be exposed to more heat stress and may die off.
There are many cases of how this is already happening. As temperatures rise and extreme weather events become more frequent, pollinators are dying off from heat stress.
A study published by the American Meteorological Society found that bee colonies in California were dying at a faster rate when temperatures were higher than average.
The study analysed over 100 years’ worth of data from across the US and found that bees are more likely to die when temperatures reach above 30°C.
The researchers also found that bees are more active during warmer periods than colder ones. This means they are exposed for longer periods to heat stressors such as UV radiation, dehydration, and starvation because of a lack of food resources.
In response to these findings, researchers are proposing new ways for farmers and conservationists alike to help protect pollinators from climate change-related impacts such as rising temperatures and extreme weather events like droughts or floods.
Insects have adapted to live in hot places like deserts and rainforests where the temperature swings between day and night.
They can also survive for short periods at higher temperatures than mammals or birds can tolerate. But their ability to adapt ends when temperatures get too high for too long.
Protecting Natural Ecosystems Is Critical for Global Development
Our planet is changing and with it the ecosystems which provide us with the resources we need to survive. The effects of these changes are being felt all over the world by people who have always lived in harmony with nature.
But many may not cope with the impacts of a changing climate. Climate change will cause water shortages in some areas and affect harvests in other places.
The consequences of climate change are already being felt by communities around the world. From melting glaciers in the Arctic to rising sea levels in coastal areas.
As our climate changes, more extreme weather events like floods, droughts and heatwaves are becoming more frequent and severe.
Climate change is already affecting food production, water availability and health worldwide. Many countries around the world do not have access to enough food or clean water for their populations.
If we do not act now to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, then millions more people will face hunger and poverty because of climate change.
Developing countries are vulnerable to the effects of climate change because they rely heavily upon natural resources for their livelihoods and incomes.
They also have fewer resources available for adaptation measures such as infrastructure improvements or technology upgrades that could help them cope with rising temperatures.
The most vulnerable people are those living in poverty, especially women and children who rely on local food sources for survival. They will be the first to suffer from climate change and its effects, such as extreme weather events or drought.
Global Warming Is Affecting Our World
Global warming is an issue that has been making headlines for quite some time, and it does not appear to be going away any time soon.
If you have been following the news in the last few years, you have probably heard about several aspects of global warming, including rising sea levels, increased droughts, and more frequent hurricanes.
Global warming is contributing to all kinds of changes in the environment. The most obvious one is that some places are getting warmer, but other places are getting colder.
In addition to rainfall, global warming has caused sea levels to rise along with temperatures at lower latitudes as well as higher ones. This rise may be due partly to melting ice caps at both poles and partly to the thermal expansion of water as it warms up.
Because of its effect on temperature, global warming also affects seasons — winter is shorter, and spring comes earlier than it did a few decades ago in some parts of the world.
From rising sea levels to shrinking ice caps. It’s also changing the way we live.
Wildfires. More frequent heat waves and droughts can lead to more fires, which damage homes and kills people. Yes, climate change is also making fires bigger and more destructive.
Food shortages. Global warming could harm the world’s food supply by causing crop losses, raising prices for consumers, and causing more hunger worldwide.
Water shortages. Rising temperatures can cause water supplies to run low or disappear altogether in some areas of the world. Sea level rise can cause saltwater intrusion into coastal aquifers that serve as drinking water sources for many people around the world.
It will take a concerted effort to address the causes and effects of global warming.
Global warming is a serious threat to the health and well-being of people and ecosystems around the world. While we may be able to adapt to some of the climate changes, we won’t be able to adapt to all of them.
The problem is that global warming will take place over decades so it’s difficult to see how things will change. But there are some things we can do now to slow down or reverse global warming.
Reduce our use of fossil fuels like coal and oil. These fuels create carbon dioxide when they burn, which contributes to global warming. We need to transition away from these fuels as quickly as possible.
Global warming is a real phenomenon that demands attention, but it’s not the only environmental issue we should be concerned about.
If we’re going to make a difference, we must look beyond our own borders and address all of the issues that are contributing to global climate change.
One of the biggest contributors is deforestation. Every year, millions of acres of rainforest are cut down for agriculture and timber production in tropical countries like Brazil and Indonesia.
That land isn’t replaced with new trees as quickly as it’s cleared — making forests more susceptible to fires and drought.
In fact, deforestation accounts for about 15% of total carbon emissions worldwide, according to the World Wildlife Fund (WWF).
And since forests absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, this activity also contributes significantly to climate change.
Stop cutting down forests and other natural areas that store carbon in their soil and trees. When forests are destroyed, they release carbon into the atmosphere — which makes global warming worse!
There are many ideas and opinions on what causes global warming. But we all have to change our ways so that Planet Earth can be a better place for everyone.
While it is likely that time will mitigate some of the worst effects of global warming, we cannot afford to be entirely complacent about our planet’s health.
As a species, we have done an admirable job of coming together to address collective problems in the past, and perhaps this problem is no different.
When you consider how far we’ve come already, in just a few short years, it seems possible that we could overcome these obstacles as well.
That’s why every one of us needs to do our part to make it happen.