Time to get started with an organic garden and the basics for gardening organically.
One of the primary practices in an organic garden is to continually build the health of the soil by adding organic matter in compost, mulch or by growing cover crops.
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An organic garden starts with the soil.
When choosing a site, consider light exposure, soil drainage, soil fertility and pesticide contamination. Pick a spot with good drainage by keeping clear of soils where water pools for long periods.
Organic gardeners will recycle plant waste from their gardens and kitchens, returning the nutrients back to the soil by making compost. The theory is that by improving the health of the soil from which the plants grow, a better crop is yielded fuller and all-natural, feeding a family for years to come.
It’s a way of growing food that is in harmony with Nature.
In organic gardening, the soil provides not only a growing medium but also a thriving, biodiversity-ecosystem of life that supports the plants in the garden. Whenever you garden organically, you think of your plants as part of a whole system within Nature that starts in the soil and includes the water supply, people, wildlife and even insects.
The garden site will affect all other gardening practices, so select the best place possible to grow healthy plants. If other plants are thriving in the area, it likely has good fertility.
To try organic gardening, it helps to know the way you can strengthen plants’ health naturally and learn how to use alternative ways of warding off pests. Well the easy answer is that organic gardeners don’t use synthetic fertilisers or pesticides on their plants.
- Organic gardening makes everything happier.
- Plants get water and nutrients from the soil.
- Organically composted manures can be applied anytime.
- Infected plants can allways be hot composted or incinerated.
Organic gardening works with the natural soil life rather than considering it a sterile medium in which to install plants. Take time to determine what types of food plants grow well in your area, what time of year they should be planted, and what kind of conditions they grow well in.
Animal manures provide an excellent source of organic matter and nutrients for the soil. The plants growing in the soil provide food and habitat for beneficial insects, birds, and other garden-friendly creatures.
Organic gardening means you do not use chemicals.
You should also be sure the soil is free of harmful contaminants like lead or chemicals that can get into your food. Excellent ground filled with nutrients is one primary key to having a successful organic garden.
Rich, well-draining soil encourages your plants to produce robust root systems. Healthy soil is especially crucial for organic gardening since you’ll be avoiding fertilisers and other chemicals that some people often rely on to make plants grow.
Make your own compost for an organic garden.
Making compost is really an easy process using “waste” from your lawn and kitchen to replenish nutrients back into the soil and the organisms within it. The compost you make yourself at home can be a great addition to your organic gardening routine.
This can be like feeding depleted soil with composted plants to add nitrogen to an area heavily planted in the past, taking away all the goodness. You can use compost as a additive, helping to make both clay and sandy soils a lot more plant-friendly, or as a mulch on top of your garden beds.
Healthy soil helps build-up vigorous, productive plants.
Those decomposing plant wastes, such as grass clippings, fall leaves and vegetable scraps from your kitchen, are the building blocks of compost, the ideal organic matter for your garden soil. One of the best organic plant foods is homemade compost, made from composted shredded fall leaves and other kitchen and garden trimmings.
You can create a compost pile by designating an area or siting a bin where the organic matter will decompose. When your soil quality is less than ideal, make use of compost and other organic amendments to improve the quality.
Should I water the leaves also?
Watering the leaves is wasteful, and it can also create environments that invite disease. Drip irrigation, is a highly targeted watering method, and the best choice for organic gardens. If you’ve prepared your soil correctly, watering your organic plants should be very easy.
Healthy soil means healthy plants better able to resist pests and disease, reducing the need for harmful insecticides. Any productive organic garden becomes a thriving ecosystem that supports healthy plants from planting through to harvest.
The carbon dioxide from decaying organic matter brings minerals of the soil into solution, providing them to growing plants. Increased soil organic matter reduces erosion, conserves water to give drought resistance, and feeds plants in time commensurate with their needs.
It also attracts beneficial soil microbes which aid your plant’s resistance to pests and disease. Healthy plants are always less likely to succumb to problems, but organic gardening doesn’t mean you have to stand by as they do.
If your soil lacks nutrients, then your food will also.
Compost, manure, and decaying leaves will all add nutrients and help your plants thrive. Adding compost to enrich and condition the soil in your garden is one of the most significant improvements you can make.
Composting will also help you do your part in reducing the waste that winds up in the local landfill. Properly made home-grown compost is local too and keeps the cycle of life close to home and sustainable indefinitely.
An organic garden and planting.
To ensure that you get maximum production from small spaces, practices like companion planting, succession planting, and vertical gardening can help. Cover cropping, or green manure, involves planting a healthy cover crop during the off-season then tilled into the soil to add back nutrients.
Companion planting is also a fantastic way to keep bugs and pests away. You’ll find there are several homemade or available for purchase all-natural chemical-free insecticides available. The fact is, some plant combinations work so well that planting them together will instantly improve the quality of your organic garden.
Cover crops and also green manures help build soil quality.
An increase in added organic matter to the soil when preparing it for planting also reduces soil erosion. Avoid planting large blocks of any single vegetable in the garden.
Besides plants that grow vegetables, consider adding companion flowering plants that will attract beneficial insects and pollinators to your garden. Through the creation of gardens with a diversity of plants and encouraging beneficial insects, birds and other helpful creatures, organic gardeners make a well-balanced mini-ecosystem.
A healthy organic garden is a diverse place, filled not only with vegetables, but flowers, birds, insects, amphibians, bees and butterflies. Plant a less desirable plant close to the garden to attract insects away from the essential vegetables in the garden.
- It’s so much better for the environment and you.
- Different vegetables vary in their watering needs.
- Water in your new plantings, but do not flood them.
- Liberally add good compost, and turn the bed again.
Consider planting “companion plants” close to your primary plants or crops. Don’t make life easy for the unwanted bugs by planting large swaths of one crop, but instead interplant different plants.
Because many closely related plants are affected by the same diseases, avoid planting them where their relatives grew the year or two before. Each season, you will learn more, and have new ideas for planning and producing your vegetable garden layout.
Another way of controlling pests is to plant sunflowers.
Keep documentation of the planting rotation and space the planting of the same crop in an area to at least three years. One other great way of improving your garden soil is by planting a cover crop over the winter.
As your garden grows, constant observation of growth is necessary, but further, than that, continuous monitoring of what insects are interested in your garden is essential. Examples of beneficial insects are ladybirds, lacewings and hoverflies, and some of these can be purchased such as ladybird larvae and predatory mites.
Now you’re growing an organic garden.
Growing an organic garden is really easier than you might think. Organic gardening is growing fruit and vegetables organically, giving you the peace of mind of knowing what has gone into producing your food.
Producing vegetables the organic way is a long-term process carried out in stages rather than a single production practice adopted within one growing season. If staggered correctly, it is possible to produce many of the most popular vegetables throughout the entire year, including in the winter.
Once the garden is planted, time to feed and weed!
Pairing certain types of plants may deter pests, minimise the spread of diseases and even enhance the flavour of certain vegetables! Mixing vegetables prevents spread and build-up of harmful insects.
Growing your own vegetables will taste better and growing organic crops, you’ll be sure there aren’t any unwanted chemicals or pesticides used. Many people are developing their own organic food, not necessarily to save money, but to ensure the quality of the food they consume.
How can I keep the unwanted bugs away?
Organic farmers achieve natural bug control by using companion planting and beneficial insects. These can include those such as ladybugs, to rid the garden of pests, like aphids, that destroy crops. Generally, check for problems in your garden at least twice a week.
Building an organic vegetable garden is not only a great way to enjoy high-quality crops; you’re providing the healthiest foods for your family too. During the winter months, as outdoor gardens and flower beds sit dormant, many gardeners miss tending to and nurturing their plants.
Growing your very own organic vegetables and fruit does not mean that you can’t enjoy flowers, too, quite the opposite. Plus, growing vegetables, herbs, and flowers organically mean your garden becomes a beautiful haven for birds, bees, and butterflies.
Fruit and vegetable crops are going to benefit from the pollinators that come to enjoy your flowers, the brighter, the better. It is essential to interplant areas of the individual crop within herbs, flowers and other crops that attract beneficial insects.
Gardeners are also careful to safely dispose of pests.
Brightly coloured flowers also attract a wide variety of insects, and the more bees you draw to the garden, the more pollination and larger yields you’ll have. From fragrant fresh flowers to tasty restorative herbs and honey, plus juicy fresh fruit and delicious vegetables – when you grow your own, it’s your choice.
Organic gardening is a term used to designate that the flowers, herbs or vegetables have not been subjected to any chemical or synthetic fertilisers or herbicides. A good part of the success of an organic garden depends on observing and emulating Nature.